It is evident that cancers don’t have specific causes, all that we have managthe ed to know about them are the risk factors. Each specific type of cancer has a particular set of risk factors, this article discusses various risk factors of stomach cancer.
Stomach cancer or gastric cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the stomach, There are various types of stomach cancer depending upon where exactly do they affect the stomach they include Adenocarcinoma, Lymphoma, Gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) and Carcinoid tumour. Following are the risk factors of the is cancer which doctors have observed:
Age is one of the factors that make a lot of difference when it comes to stomach cancer, usually, this disease is seen in the people who have crossed 55 years of the age, Most of the people are in their 60s and 70s when they have an encounter with this disease.
Men need to be on the watch for symptoms all the time since it is witnessed that they are more prone to stomach cancer than women. The difference is almost twice.
Helicobacter pylori infection
There are bacteria called H. pylori which are known for causing inflammation and ulcers in the stomach. This is most often considered as the primary reason for stomach cancer. The doctor would recommend you to go for H. pylori screening if you have any of the close relatives with either stomach cancer or H.pylori itself. This infection if left untreated could result in adverse diseases like stomach cancer.
Long-term inflammation of the stomach
If you suffer from a disease like pernicious anemia, which leads to long-term inflammation of the stomach, you are at the risk of this cancer. People who have had certain parts of their stomach removed in a surgery and are now facing stomach inflammation could also fthe all into crosshairs of stomach cancer.
Tobacco and Alcohol
As it is for every other disease, a habitual and excessive consumption of tobacco and alcohol does no good when it is about stomach cancer. People who consume these are at a greater risk of getting stomach cancer.
Years of data of this cancer shows that some of the races have a greater risk of getting infected than other races. These include Asian, Black, and Hispanic.
A research shows that a diet which majorly involves consumption of processed, smoked, salted, or pickled food may increase the risk of stomach cancer as compared to a diet which is rich in fresh veggies and fruits.
Finally, the lifestyle choices that you make greatly affects the probability of you getting affected by stomach cancer. You must try to avoid a sedentary lifestyle which involves a lack of activity. Also, the obese people are more vulnerable to this disease.
Diagnosis and Treatment Options
The stomach cancer can be diagnosed with a test like CBC (Complete Blood Count) where a doctor could find anaemia which is one of the symptoms, other tests like a fecal occult blood test to look for blood in feces could be conducted. Upon early diagnosis surgery could be an ideal treatment option, in such cases, you could look for hospitals near you which provide stomach cancer treatment or you can go for medical tourism and reap the maximum benefits at minimum cost. India is one of the known countries which provide effective options to treat diseases like stomach cancer. Now there are companies like MedMonks which could assist you in getting the best stomach cancer treatment in India.